Thursday, 31 January 2013


Face Value
Value of a bond to be paid out at maturity. Also known as Par Value.
Factory Orders
Economic indicator that measures new orders for both durable and nondurable goods.
Fast Market
Strong pressure in the market, in which prices are moving too quickly to be disseminated.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
US regulatory agency charged with regulating US banks. The FDIC provides insurance up to $100,000 per account.
Federal Funds Rate (FFR)
Interest rate at which private depository institutions (mostly banks) lend balances (federal funds) at the Federal Reserve to other depository institutions, usually overnight. The FFR is guided (but not determined outright) by the Federal Open Market Committee.
Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC)
Committee made up of Federal Reserve members, which meets eight times a year to discuss/ implement monetary policy.
Federal Reserve Bank (Fed)
The central bank of the United States, responsible for using monetary policy to promote economic growth and price stability.
Federal Reserve Board
Senior members of the Federal Reserve, each of whom is appointed by the US President. The chairman of the Fed Reserve Board serves a 4-year term, while the other members serve 14-year terms.
Fiat Currency
Money declared by a government to be legal tender, and not backed by any other commodity, such as gold.
Fibonacci Numbers
Sequence of numbers in which each successive number is the sum of the two previous numbers. Fibonacci numbers are used in financial/currency markets to develop trading algorithms, applications and strategies. The four most common forms are the Fibonacci fan, Fibonacci Arc, Fibonacci Retracement and the Fibonacci Time Extension.
Execution of an order to buy or sell.
Fill or Kill
Type of order which is either completed or rejected in full.
Fill Price
Price at which a buy or sell order is executed.
Firm Quote
Order to buy or sell a security/currency that is not subject to cancellation.
First In First Out (FIFO)
Account rule that dictates all positions opened within a particular currency pair are liquidated in the order in which they were originally opened.
Financial Services Authority (FSA)
Agency designated by the UK Treasury to regulate the UK financial industry.
Fiscal Policy
Refers to tax policy, government spending, and other government initiatives directed at optimizing economic performance.
Fisher Effect
Theory that money moves from low-yielding currencies into higher-yielding currencies, as investors chase higher interest rates.
Fixed Exchange Rate
Exchange rate regime in which a currency is pegged by the Central Bank so that it cannot fluctuate against other currencies. Currencies can be pegged to other currencies or commodities, such as gold.
A method used to determine rates/prices that seeks to balance buying and selling pressure.
Flag and Pennant
Trading pattern characterized by an upward movement with a large slope followed by a period of consolidation. It is considered a bullish pattern overall, as the pattern is expected to continue rising.
A situation in which a position is closed, or two positions exist that cancel each other out.
Flat on a failure
Recommendation to take profits on a long trade if the exchange rate tests but fails to break through a specified level.
Floating Interest Rate
An interest rate that adjusts in accordance with market forces. Opposite of a fixed interest rate.
Lowest acceptable limit as restricted by controlling parties. Opposite of a cap.
A type of compound option, whereby the purchaser has the right, but not the obligation, to enter into a floor at a predetermined rate on a predetermined date.
Force Majeure
Contractual clause that relieves either party from fulfilling the obligations of the agreement as a result of an "extraordinary event."
Foreign Exchange (Forex)
The buying and selling of currencies.
Foreign Currency Effect
Potential for changes in exchange rates to affect returns on overseas investments.
Forward Contract
Derivative Agreement between two parties to buy or sell an asset at a certain future time for a certain price agreed today. This is in contrast to a spot contract, which is an agreement to buy or sell an asset today.
Forward Points
Pips added to or subtracted from the current exchange rate to calculate a forward price.
Forward Rate
Interest rate for a future period. For example, it could refer to a one-year interest rate beginning six months from now.
Forward rate agreement (FRA)
Interest rate contract in which buyer and seller agree to exchange the difference between the current interest rate and a pre-agreed fixed rate.
Free Reserves
Margin by which reserves exceed borrowings. Also known as excess reserves.
Front Office
Refers to those personnel with whom customers have the opportunity to interact.
Fundamental Analysis
The analysis of economic indicators and political and current events that could effect the future direction of financial markets. Opposite of Technical Analysis.
Fundamental Trader
A currency trader that relies on fundamental analysis.
Funding Currency
A comparatively low-yielding currency, which is used to borrow money so that the proceeds can be invested in a higher-yielding currency.
Futures Contract
Standardized contract to buy or sell a specified commodity/asset of standardized quality at a certain date in the future, at a market determined price (the futures price). The contracts differ from forward contracts in that they are traded on a futures exchange.
FX Forward
Obligation to buy or sell a currency at an agreed price on an agreed date. The forward or future price is decided by adjusting the spot or current price to account for changes in interest rates.

Wednesday, 30 January 2013

UWC Has Been Re-Branded

Dear IAFT customers!

We are informing you, that UWC has been re-branded. Due to expansion of its activities, the UWC brokerage company provides traders with a newly launched brand - Mayzus Investment Company Ltd. Mission of the Mayzus Investment Company Ltd. company is to create a world famous brand and one of the most successful international corporations. In addition, the company strives to provide its clients with the best services, insurance and protection.
Operating conditions with this broker through the IAFT has not been changed. All customers who opened an account with this company before, will remain in the IAFT's group and and will continue working with Mayzus Investment Company Ltd. on the same terms.
Best regards,
IAFT administration

Monday, 28 January 2013

Interesting Facts About Monday

Monday. The first day of the work week we all dread to see. The Mamas and the Papas sang "Every other day of the week is fine- yeah! But whenever Monday comes, but whenever Monday comes, you can find me cryin' all of the time" in their 1966 hit, "Monday, Monday." The Bangles referred to it as being frenzied in their 1986 hit song "Manic Monday." No one has much good to say about this day that follows Sunday and precedes Tuesday. Read this informative article and find out some interesting facts about Monday, the second day of the week, that might make you feel differently about this day!

Named Days 
Monday, which originally got its name from the moon, has many days named for it. These include: Cyber Monday (follows Thanksgiving- refers to the increase in online sales); Easter Monday (follows Easter and is celebrated as a holiday in some cultures); Handsel Monday (first of the new year in which gifts are given to convey good wishes in Scotland and Northern England; Clean Monday (or Ash Monday- the first day of Lent. Refers to being free from sin);
Big Monday (ESPN's College Basketball presentation); Black Monday (October 19, 1987- the day the Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped 508 points.)

An interesting fact about Monday, the second day of the week, is that it's also referred to as "Blue Monday." The name is thought to have started because the first day of the work week used to be set aside for doing the laundry. Bluing was used to keep white clothes from becoming dingy and gray. From that product, wash day became known as "Blue Monday."

Even though Monday isn't always wash day today, the term "Blue Monday" still exists. However, it's meaning is different. It now refers to the day when employees have to return to work after a weekend break. Another interesting fact about Monday, the second day of the week, is it's the most likely day for workers to have heart attacks. The British Medical Journal reported a 20% increase in heart attacks on Mondays as opposed to the other days of the week. The attacks may be caused by stress and high blood pressure caused by returning to work.

Monday Holidays 
Several holidays always fall on a Monday. Some of these include Labor Day, Memorial Day, President's Day, Columbus Day and Veteran's Day.

The Worst Day 
In many cultures, the first day of the work week holds the honor of being the worst day. Another interesting fact about Monday, the second day of the week, is, the French used to call automobiles that turn out to be lemons, "Monday Cars."

On the Brighter Side 
Believe-it-or-not, there are two positive things about Monday. First, if you were born on this day, then you're not homely. Afterall, the old rhyme goes, "Monday's child is fair of face". That's a good thing. And second, when you're going to shop for a new car, do it on a Monday. Car sales people make the bulk of their sales on the weekends. When Monday rolls around, there are usually few customers in sight, and the weekend is a long ways off. That's why car sales people
are more desperate on Monday, and they'll be more willing to cut you a deal.

And finally, an interesting fact about Monday is, it's associated with Silver when it comes to Alchemy, an ancient chemical science. According to Astrology, Monday is is ruled by the zodiac signs Cancer, June 22 to July 22.

Thursday, 24 January 2013

The Rebate Project!

The International Association of Forex Traders has developed a rebate project for those traders who want to earn more than others.

To receive rewards, open a live trading account with a brokerage company through IAFT referral link and add it to the Personal Office of the IAFT official website.

After your account is confirmed you will receive a rebate of 60% from spread for every lot you have traded with your broker even if your deal was lossmaking one.

IAFT - everything we do, we do it for our clients!

Money Rules

Rule No. 1: Never lose money. Rule No. 2: Never forget rule No. 1.
Warren Buffett

Tuesday, 22 January 2013

Daily accruals by IAFT!

Besides cooperating with the most reliable brokerage companies, a traders union always works on improving trading conditions for our traders. 

IAFT is glad to consider our traders` requests and offers. 

That is why we welcome you with daily accruals of rewards.

Accruals are performed on the results of a trading day till 10:00 a.m. CET the day following the reporting one.

Start your trading experience in Forex with IAFT and receive a spread rebate everyday!


Let us not be satisfied with just giving money. Money is not enough, money can be got, but they need your hearts to love them. So spread your love everywhere you go.

Mother Teresa

Monday, 21 January 2013

Weekly Horoscope (21.01—27.01)

Aries (21.03 - 20.04) 
Stars recommend you to refrain from impulsive and reckless behavior this week. Remember that strong emotions are not the best companions of a trader. Try to focus on your daily activities — it will help you escape from financial worries and relax a little bit. Just having rested, you can start to trade with fresh energy and ideas. There are chances that at the end of the week, you will have a meeting, that will give you a very good impression and in the future, it may be developed into a reliable and profitable partnership.
Taurus (21.04 - 21.05)
Tauruses have a favorable period to expand their investment horizons. You can successfully invest in any new financial instrument for your long term prospects. Good luck will accompany you, so do not be shy! In the mid-week, it is wise to wait for good news from your dealing center — perhaps, you will be about to win a contest, therefore, be encouraged for that.
Gemini (22.05 - 21.06)
The week will be calm on the whole, and nothing portends a storm or some significant events. This is the right time for your measured and deliberate completion of all your endeavors. Also this period is favorable for learning — you can take advantage of it and visit courses for traders, take part in webinars or simply read books on trading. It is likely that this knowledge will help you to formulate a new and more successful trading strategy. But it is advisable to test it on a demo account first!
Cancer (22.06 - 22.07)
This week, Cancers should refrain from trading the EUR/USD and USD/JPY currency pairs. Stars reminiscent of caution: be sure to set stop-losses, after all "a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush". In compliance with these recommendations you can be successful in trading in the Forex market these days, and the use of fundamental analysis will help you to effortlessly double your profits.
Leo (23.07 - 23.08)
Leos are usually very self-assured and they will overcome doubts these days, which are completely unfounded. Stars recommend you to suppress such emotions, that are harmful while trading and confidently follow your already proven and reliable strategy. After all, there are all preconditions that the earned profit would exceed your expectations and, in fact, cover losses caused by mistakes during the trading last week. It is wise to give preference to outdoor activities at the end of the week, which will charge you with liveliness and positive mood.
Virgo (24.08 - 23.09)
Virgos will be full of energy this week. And it's more acute than ever, since Stars promise many business trips, important negotiations and meetings. You'll have strength and internal charge to cope with everything, thus — feel free to go for it! Also during the next few days, you can start oyur projects and business that you were previously not in a mood for. This week, everything will literally burn in your hands, and you will always manage to make everything in time. At the weekend, you are to arrange a vacation with your family and loved ones to start the new working with renewed energy.
Libra (24.09 - 23.10)
According to the stars, it will be difficult to concentrate for Libras this week, thus the trends' analysis will task your brain, which can lead to losses. It is better to refrain from Forex trading fo a few days. Perhaps you should think about the new investment direction, for example, in the stock market. Securities may bring you much more profit than you think — do not disregard this prospective. If you are determined to currency trading, then please refrain from hasty actions and you should open positions only when you are sure they are appropriate.
Scorpio (24.10 - 22.11)
Good luck will accompany you in all things, including trading. This week may be the most profitable period regarding your trading in the Forex market. This is especially true of Scorpios, who entrusted their finances, so that a professional traders can manage them. But do not rush to withdraw funds and then spend your earned money, since the stars say that you will be exposed to excessive extravagancy this time, and therefore money can leave you just as quickly as it came.
Sagittarius (23.11 - 21.12) 
Sagittarians can achieve excellent results in trading due to their unique analytical capabilities. Focusing on the technical indicators, you can accurately predict the trend reversal and be one step ahead of other traders. During the second half of the week, you will receive a business proposal, which may appear to be uninteresting at first glance. But do not abandon it, since it is wise to carefully weigh all the "pros" and "cons." Stars say that the proposal promises you great benefits in the long term.
Capricorn (22.12 - 20.01) 
Characteristic stubbornness of Capricorns would bring you more harm than good this week. So if you fail, it is better to immediately retreat and close a loss-making position, until the stop-loss activates and losses increase. If you follow this advice, your deposit will not decrease, but will even increase during the the second half of the week. During the weekends, you can sensibly spend your money earned, since stars promise you beneficial purchases when the price and quality of the product will suit you perfectly.
Aquarius (21.01 - 19.02)
Aquarius should decide to expand their investment portfolio this week. The stock market will not disturb you, everything will be in our favor. Pay attention to all the benefits of this market. Aquarius who work in Forex are recommend to refrain from the foreign exchange transactions with the U.S. dollar. But transaction with the EUR/GBP cross-rate would bring you good profits.
Рisces (20.02 - 20.03) 
This week, Pisces have great prospects. Whatever you come down to — things will work out. This is the period when all good causes you previously done, would came back to you, and would be increased manifold. With specific regard to Forex trading, you should carefully consider the opinions and experts' analysis of the currency market, due to which you will gather information that will be useful to help you earn a good profit.


G- od
O- offers us
O- utstanding
D- votion to
M- ake us
O- bedient &
R- eady for
N- ew day to
I- nitiate
N- ew aim for the
G- lory of life..

Thursday, 17 January 2013


Refers to the use of monetary policy to expand the money supply, either by lowering interest rates or through open market operations.
A branch of economics which seeks to develop and apply quantitative or statistical methods to the study and elucidation of economic/financial principles.
Economic Calendar
Type of calendar that is intended to inform financiers and traders about the scheduled major economic indicators, government reports and speeches by influential people.
Economic Indicator
Statistic that seeks to proxy current economic growth and stability. Economic indicators fall into three categories: leading, lagging and coincident.
Effective Exchange Rate
Use of trade/current account balance to derive a country’s "fair" exchange rate
Efficient Market Theory
Notion that financial markets are "informationally efficient", or that prices on traded assets already reflect all known information and past prices, and instantly change to reflect new information.
Electronic Funds Transfer.
Elliot Wave Theory
Principle that collective investor psychology (or crowd psychology) moves from optimism to pessimism and back again. These swings create patterns, as evidenced in the price movements of a market at every degree of trend, over durations that range from minutes to decades.
While Bollinger Bands place boundary lines based on standard deviations, envelopes place lines at fixed percentage points above and below a moving average line, designating entry and exit points for trades.
End of the Day (Mark to Market)
Type of accounting process, whereby the value of asset(s) are recorded at the end of each trading day based on the closing rate/price.
Price level/range that seems to represent a balance between demand and supply for a given currency pair.
Escrow Account
Segregated account which seeks to separate customer deposits from dealer operating funds.
Official currency of 16 of the 27 member states of the European Union. The states, known collectively as the Eurozone, are Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Spain. The euro is the second largest reserve currency and the second most traded currency in the world after the US Dollar.
Euro Interbank Offered Rate (Euribor)
Rate at which euro interbank term deposits within the euro zone are offered by one prime bank to another prime bank.
Bond in US dollars or other currency that is sold to investors who don’t reside in the country whose currency is used.
Currency that is deposited in a financial institution located outside the region where the currency is primarily used.
Eurodollar Bonds
Type of Eurobond that pays both interest and principal in euros, whose most salient feature is that they are not regulated by the SEC.
European Central Bank (ECB)
Central Bank for the new European Monetary Union.
European-style Option
An option or covered warrant that may be exercised only on the date of expiration.
European Union
Economic and political union of 27 member states, located primarily in Western Europe.
Excess Margin Deposits
Deposited funds in a trading account above and beyond basic margin requirements.
Completion of a trade.
Action by a holder taking advantage of a privilege or right (to buy a security/asset) offered by a company or other financial institution. This includes warrants, options, and other financial instruments.
Currencies that are not actively traded; used in contradistinction to "major currencies."
Exotic Option
Derivative which has features making it more complex than commonly traded products (vanilla options). These products are usually traded over-the-counter (OTC), or are embedded in structured notes.
Expiration Date
Date after which a financial contract or derivative is no longer valid.
Exponential Moving Average (EMA)
Compared to a simple moving average, which distributes weight equally across a data series, exponential moving averages afford greater weight to recent prices/data.
Net of all long and short positions for a particular currency (pair).

Wednesday, 16 January 2013

Money sayings

If little money does not go out, great money will not come in.

Chinese Proverb

Fun facts about money

1. If you have three quarters, four dimes and four pennies, you have $1.19. You also have the largest amount of money in coins possible without being able to make change for a dollar.
2. Did you know that a quarter has 119 grooves around the edge, and a dime has 118? Do you know the purpose of the ridges on the edges of coins? Without ridges, it is possible to scrape metal off coins without it being obvious. In the days when coins were made of silver or gold, a person could have made a good, but illegal, living from shaving coins and selling the precious metal.
3. During much of the 17th and 18th centuries, the Spanish dollar coin was the unofficial national currency of the American colonies. To make change, the dollar was actually cut into eight pieces or "bits." Thus, came the terms "pieces of eight" from these early times and "two bits" (a quarter) from recent times.
4. The bison on the Buffalo Nickel was from New York City. Named Black Diamond, this bison lived around the turn of the 20th century in the Central Park Zoo.
5. How long do bills last?
The Federal Reserve System lists the following life spans:
$ 1 22 months
$ 5 2 years
$ 10 3 years
$ 20 4 years
$ 50 9 years
$100 9 years
6. Coins usually survive in circulation for about 30 years.
7. Why are U.S. notes green? No one is really sure. However, in 1929, when the Bureau of Printing and Engraving began making smaller size currency, green was continued because pigment of that color was readily available in large quantities. The color was relatively high in its resistance to chemical and physical changes, and green has been psychologically identified with the strong and stable credit of the government.
8. The origin of the dollar sign —$ — has various explanations. Perhaps the most widely accepted is that it is the result of the evolution of the Mexican or Spanish "P's" for pesos. This theory, derived from a study of old manuscripts, explains that the S gradually came to be written over the P, developing a close equivalent to the $ mark. It was widely used even before the adoption of the United States dollar in 1785.

Tuesday, 15 January 2013

Your opinion

What do you expect from today's speech Ben Bernanke at the University of Michigan?

Weekly Horoscope (14.01—20.01)

Aries (21.03 - 20.04) 
Week promises to be successful for those Aries who decide to seek for new sources of income. In this context, stars advise you to take part in Forex tournament or some kind of a contest your dealing center offers - it's possible that this is where you'll get a handsome profit. In trading, look for pairs with exotic currencies - this week deals on them, can be successful.
Taurus (21.04 - 21.05)
In the first half of this period, Tauruses will have the opportunity to show their creativity – they probably will have to find creative solutions to difficult situations. Choosing a trading strategy, trust intuition - it will help you find the right option. Heavenly bodies recommend Tauruses to focus on GBP/USD currency pair and commodity assets. The second half of the week will present you a pleasant surprise.
Gemini (22.05 - 21.06)
The upcoming week for Geminis is going to be favorable for new projects and ideas. Those representatives of the sign, who have long hesitated to put their interesting ideas into practie, it's time to act now. Besides that this week will be successfully accomplished long-term investments in real estate or securities. On weekends stars advise you drop your affairs and get relaxed in the fresh air - you need strength.
Cancer (22.06 - 22.07)
Week will be good for those cancers who are working on the asset management program, as well as for those who are planning to start such cooperation in the first half of the period. Towards to the end of the week representatives of this sign, that trade on their own, are better to refrain from entering the market: there is a high risk of incurring losses. You'd better draw up plans for the next five days trading this time .
Leo (23.07 - 23.08)
Leo traders this week could benefit from the improvement of their trading strategy. Especially it will be useful to those members of the sign, who noted that in recent years, their trade has become not as profitable as before. Learn the latest trends on the Forex market to optimize your trading methods. Also, invest in stock markets these days, it is expected to be successful.
Virgo (24.08 - 23.09)
The first half of the week will be extremely successful for Virgos, but only if you put maximum effort and not sit on your hands. There will be enough opportunities to open profitable positions, you just need to be able to use them. If you want to make your trading more efficient, start mastering your trading skills - for example, practice on a demo account with new currency pair.
Libra (24.09 - 23.10)
Libras this week are better to plan the work ahead. New projects should be postponed or risk to stuck in the work, which will really be up to one's neck. Moreover, in the second half of the week you will be discomforted by people around you, so if you plan to open positions on the Forex market, try to ensure that your workplace is maximum isolated from external factors.
Scorpio (24.10 - 22.11)
Scorpios this week will have a great opportunity to show off their best talent and to succeed in trading on financial markets. Now, you will need as never your innate analytical abilities, but do not forget to listen to what intuition says too. In addition, stars promise success to Scorpios trading oil futures.
Sagittarius (23.11 - 21.12) 
Sagittarius traders are gonna have quite a hectic week, stars say that the outcome of many complex situations will depend to a large extent on you. Only your actions will determine: whether you get more profit or lose a significant amount of money, so be careful in making decisions when trading. In particular, set carefully stop-losses and take-profits. The most auspicious day for trading is - Thursday.
Capricorn (22.12 - 20.01) 
Week will be favorable for those Capricorn traders, who came to an end of some of their projects. Now it will be useful for you to review your work and do some home work to determine which direction to go next. And it will be better if you do this very seriously: in the future, you will be able to avoid repeating old mistakes. On Friday, get ready to make an important decision.
Aquarius (21.01 - 19.02)
In the first half of the week Aquariuses will have a good luck in almost all financial matters. However, traders of that mark, who plan to start working with commodity futures, should be very careful - it's not the best solution for a given period. But what really should do is to make new professional contacts: stars say, soon you might need expert advice.
Рisces (20.02 - 20.03) 
Many Pisces traders this week will find trading very difficult, so it is better to avoid some financial troubles. For example, you can pass them on the managing trader - entrust your account to professionals. Of course, you can just stay out of the market, but you are in the risk of missing the chance to earn: this week stars predict you to get a good profit.


Daily Charts
Charts that encapsulate daily price movements for a given currency pair.
Daily Cut-Off
The designated time of day chosen by a dealer to demarcate the end of one trading day and the beginning of the next, necessary because forex markets operate 24 hours per day.
Day Order
Buy or sell order that automatically expires at the end of the current trading day.
Day Trading
An approach to trading which involves entering and closing trades on the same day or trading session.
Deal Blotter
List of all transactions completed on a given trading day.
Deal Ticket
Dealer record of the basic details of a transaction, differing slightly from the statement received by the customer.
Individual or firm that acts as a principal in a transaction. Principals take one side of a position, hoping to earn a spread (profit) by closing out the position in a subsequent trade with another party. In contrast to brokers, which serve as mere intermediaries, dealers are exposed to some risk.
Failure of an issuer to make timely payments of both interest and principal when due.
Describes an excess of liabilities over assets, of losses over profits, or of expenditure over income.
An adjustment which turns nominal GDP into real GDP, by taking inflation into account.
A decrease in the general price level of goods and services, whereby the inflation rate falls below zero percent, resulting in an increase in the real value of money.
Refers to the (physical or electronic) exchange by buyer and seller of two given currencies.
Rate of change of an option price with respect to changes in the underlying asset value.
Demo Account
Free forex practice account that allow beginners (or veterans) to measure the profits from hypothetical trades.
Decline in the value of an asset, currency, or security.
Depth of Market
The volume of buy and sell orders waiting to be transacted for a particular currency pair at a particular point in time.
The information necessary to execute a forex transaction, including currency pair, rate, time/date, and size.
Financial instrument (forwards, futures, options, swaps) whose value is derived from an underlying security.
Descending Triangles
Trading pattern consisting of two or more comparable lows forming a horizontal line at the bottom. When support on the lower rung of the triangle is broken, it is believed to signal bearishness.
Former currency of Germany, phased out (and replaced by the Euro) when Germany joined the European Union.
A deliberate depreciation of a currency (relative to one or more other currencies), usually affected by the Central Bank.
Direct Quote
A quote that indicates variable units of domestic currency per fixed units of foreign currency.
Dirty Float (Managed Float)
Exchange rate regime in which the currency is not pegged outright, but is instead "managed" by the Central Bank with the professed goal of preventing wild fluctuations in the exchange rate.
Discount Rate
Interest rate that an eligible depository institution is charged to borrow short-term funds directly from the Federal Reserve Bank.
Discount Spread
Refers to the situation whereby the bid price of a forward spread rate is less than the ask price.
Discretionary Account
Type of account whereby a customer allows an institution to make trading decisions on his or her behalf.
Slow-down in the inflation rate (i.e. when the inflation decreases, but still remains positive).
Describes the phenomenon whereby a technical indicator and corresponding price chart don’t yield the same peaks/bottoms. It usually indicates trend "exhaustion."
Diversified Carry Basket
Type of trading strategy in which several carry trades are made/held simultaneously, in order to limit losses/risk from one particular carry trade position.
Double Barrier Option
A type of option incorporating two knock out or knock in levels, one either side of spot, used by participants that have strong views on both a support and a resistance level.
Double Top and Bottom
Trading pattern consisting of upper and lower limits that have been touched twice, but never breached. It is usually interpreted as a sign of uncertainty. However, when the currency breaks out of the range, the movement is expected to be significant.
Dow Theory
One of the ideas underpinning the field of technical analysis, positing that all major trends can be sub-divided into three phases: entrance, acceleration, and consolidation.
A drop in the value of an account, calculated by subtracting the low from the peak.
Dual Currency Service
Foreign exchange instruments that let investors place funds into a product that speculates on the movement of the exchange rate between two major currencies.
Dual Currency Swap
Type of swap used to hedge dual currency bonds in which the issuer has the option to repay principal and coupon in either the base currency or an alternative currency at a pre-agreed exchange rate.
Dual Exchange Rate
Situation in which there is an official exchange rate and an parallel "black market" rate. Also known as Two-Tier Market.
Durable Goods Orders
Monthly government report which measures consumer spending on long-term purchases, products that are expected to last more than three years. It is designed to gauge the health of the manufacturing industry.

Saturday, 12 January 2013


Refers to the Sterling/US Dollar exchange rate.
Calendar Spread
Options strategy which involves the purchase of futures/ options of an underlying market expiring in some named month, and the simultaneous sale of other futures/options of the same underlying market and the same striking price in a different month.
Call Option
Contract in which the buyer has the right
but not the obligation
to purchase a particular security for a given strike price, on (in the case of European call options) or before (in the case of American call options) the expiration date.
To delete a previous order before it has been executed.
Candlestick Chart
Type of chart that uses shaded bars to indicate trading range (i.e. high and low price) as well as the opening and closing prices for consecutive time periods.
Maximum rate of interest that can be charged under a loan. Opposite of a floor.
Capacity Utilization
Indicator of inflation released by the Federal Reserve Bank, which measures the percentage of available resources being utilized by factories, mines and utilities.
Financial assets, or the financial value of assets such as cash.
Capital Account
One of two primary components of the balance of payments, the other being the current account. It is the net result of public and private international investment flowing in and out of a country, and includes foreign direct investment, portfolio investment, and other investments.
Capital Gains
Profit made when any asset is sold; used primarily for tax purposes.
Carry Grid
A detailed trading schematic designed to profit from a carry trading strategy.
Carry Trade
A trading strategy involving the sale of low-yielding currency (funding currency) in favor of a higher-yielding (carry currency) alternative, with the goal of earning a return on the spread/differential. [This differential is known as the "carry"].
Cash on Deposit
Total funds deposited in a trading account.
Cash Market
Spot market, as opposed to the futures market.
Cash Transaction
Same day settlement for a currency transaction. Also known as Value Today.
Central Bank
A governmental or quasi-governmental organization that conducts monetary policy and manages the exchange rate for a given economy and its currency. It may also be charged with printing money.
Central Bank Intervention
Refers to a central bank buying or selling its own currency on the spot market in order to bring about a desired exchange rate.
Certificate of Deposit (CD)
Time deposit offered by banks with a specific, fixed term (often three months, six months, or one to five years), and, usually, a fixed interest rate. It is intended that the CD be held until maturity, at which time the money may be withdrawn together with the accrued interest.
Uptrend, downtrend, or sideways trend whose boundaries can be marked clearly by two or more straight lines. A break above/below the channel signals a possible change of trend.
One who takes a technical approach to trading, relying on charts and graphs (and their associated indicators) to discern trends and predict future price movements.
Chooser Option
Type of option where the holder can choose whether the option is a call or a put during the life of the option.
Clean Float
Exchange rate regime in which the rate is determined only by market forces, with no central bank intervention.
Cleared Funds
Settled funds that are freely available for trading.
Clearing House Automated Payment System (CHAPS)
Forex settlement system used in the UK.
Clearing House Interbank Payment System (CHIPS)
International wire transfer system used by major banks.
Closed Position
The result of closing a position, in which an equal/offsetting trade is made to eliminate one’s exposure to a given currency pair. For example a position of 100 GPB/USD can be closed by buying 100 USD/GPB.
Closing Market Rate
The market rate at the end of the day.
The process of settling a trade.
CME Group
The world’s largest futures exchange, which includes the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME), Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT), and New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX).
Coincident Indicator
A type of economic indicator that moves in line with the general business cycle. GDP is an example of a coincident indicator.
Denotes the total number of derivative contracts, like futures and options, that are currently active on a specific underlying security. Also known as Open Interest.
Compound Option
An option, where the underlying instrument is another option. A compound option then has two expiration dates and two strike prices.
The phenomenon whereby an economic crisis spreads from one region/economy/market to another.
Asset used to secure a loan.
Transaction fee charged by a broker.
Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC)
Independent agency of the US government, charged with regulating commodity, currency, and financial futures and options.
Written correspondence that details the terms of a given trade, including date/time of execution, quantity, price, and commission.
Construction Spending
Closely watched economic indicator released monthly by the U.S. Department of Commerce’ that benchmarks spending towards new construction.
Consumer Confidence
The degree of optimism that consumers feel about the overall state of the economy and their respective personal financial situations. Consumer Confidence is indexed and gauged using surveys, the most famous of which is conducted by the University of Michigan.
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
One of the most closely watched national economic statistics, CPI measures a price change for a constant market basket of goods and services from one period to the next within the same area.
Refers to a an upward-sloping curve for forwards prices. For example, contango is said to occur when the future price of a commodity is higher than the current/spot price.
Extension of the existing trend.
Continuous Linked Settlement (CLS)
System for settling foreign exchange transactions between major banks that purports to to eliminate settlement risk.
Contract (Lot)
Trading unit. A standard lot in the forex market is $100,000. A mini lot is $10,000.
Contract for difference (CFD)
Agreement between a client and a provider to exchange the difference between the opening and the closing value of the contract.
Conversion Rate
Another term for exchange rate.
Convertible Currency
Any currency that can be exchanged for another without special permission. Almost all of the world’s major currencies are fully convertible, with the notable exception of the Chinese Yuan.
Secondary account holder.
Slang term for the Danish Krone.
Partial reversal in the existing trend, or a pullback after a sudden, large move to compensate for an overreaction.
Measure of the degree to which changes in two variables/assets are related. The standard measure of correlation is the correlation coefficient, a number between -1 and one that indicates the strength and direction of a linear relationship between two variables. A correlation coefficient of -1 indicates that they are perfectly negatively correlated. A correlation coefficient of one means that they are perfectly correlated.
Correspondent Bank
Foreign bank that performs services for another bank that has no branch in the foreign location.
Counter Currency
Currency listed second in a Currency Pair. For example, in USD/GPB, Pound Sterling is the counter currency. Also known as Quote Currency.
One of the participants in a financial transaction.
Value of the counter currency in a forex trade. For example, in a trade involving the purchase of a currency against the US Dollar, the countervalue is the total USD amount of the transaction.
Country Risk
Refers to the likelihood that changes in the business environment adversely affect operating profits or the value of assets in a specific country. These changes could be the result of financial or political factors.
A measure of how two random variables behave in relation to each other. It differs from correlation in that it incorporates measurements of the magnitude of the variations, as opposed to the correlation coefficient which is dimensionless.
Cover on Approach
Recommendation to close a trade based on a predicted approach off an important support level.
Cover on a Bounce
Recommendation to close a trade based on a predicted "bounce" off an important resistance level.
Covered Call
An options strategy in which the seller of call options owns the corresponding amount of the underlying instrument, such as shares of a stock or other securities.
Crawling Peg
A type of exchange rate regime in which the rate is fixed/pegged, but adjusted periodically.
Credit Default Swap
Financial contract in which the seller of risk pays a periodic fee on the notional amount of a reference obligation, in return for a payment in the event of default.
Credit Risk
Risk that a borrower will not repay a loan on time. Often referred to as "Default Risk."
Credit Spread
Interest margin over the relevant benchmark representing the additional interest paid by the issuer to account for the incremental risk of the issuer over the risk-free rate.
Exchange rate derived by "triangulating" two separate exchange rates, used when two currencies cannot exchanged directly, but only through a third-party currency, such as the US Dollar. Also refers to any exchange rate/pair that does not include one’s home currency.
Cup with Handle
Technical pattern used to predict the beginning of an upward trend. A pattern that begins to curve upward and reaches the "cup line" is believed to indicate bullishness.
Currency Basket
Refers to a weighted group of currencies purchased together, usually by a Central Bank for the purpose of fixing an exchanging rate.
Currency Symbol
Three-Letter code used to abbreviate/designate a currency.
Currency Pair
Two currencies used to create an exchange rate.
Currency Risk
Possibility that currency depreciation will negatively affect the value of one’s assets, especially those denominated in foreign currency.
Currency Swap
Agreement between two parties to exchange principal and fixed rate interest payments on a loan in one currency for principal and fixed rate interest payments on an equal loan in another currency.
Current Account
One of the two primary components of the balance of payments, the other being the capital account. It is the sum of the balance of trade (exports minus imports of goods and services), net factor income (such as interest and dividends) and net transfer payments (such as foreign aid).
Bank, individual, or other organization responsible for safeguarding an individual’s financial assets or specific account.
Stocks/Securities that move with the economy, gaining if the economy booms and losing if the economy weakens.